Sexually Transmitted Infection
STI/RTI Prevention and Control Programme
Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) and Reproductive Tract Infections (RTI) are an important Public Health Problem in India. Studies suggest that 6% of Adult population in India is infected with one or more STI/RTI. Individuals with STI/RTI have a significantly higher chance of acquiring and transmitting HIV. And It is also known to cause infertility and reproductive morbidity. Provision of STI/RTI care services is a very important strategy to prevent HIV transmission and promote sexual and reproductive health under the National AIDS Control Program and Reproductive Child Health of NRHM.
There are 157 Designated STI/RTI Clinics (DSRCs) functioning under Tamil Nadu AIDS Control Society. These clinics are branded as”SUGA VAZHVU MAIYAM” / Suraksha Clinics. Syndromic Case Management (SCM) with appropriate laboratory tests is the cornerstone of STI/RTI Management. It is a comprehensive approach for STI/RTI control endorsed by the World Health Organization (WHO). This approach classifies STIs/RTIs into syndromes (easily identifiable group of symptoms and signs) and provides treatment for the most common organisms causing the syndrome.
Regional Lab and State Reference Centre :
The Regional STI Training, Research and Reference Laboratory (RSTRRL ) acts as the nodal agency for providing etiological diagnosis of routine and treatment failure cases of various syndromes diagnosed in the region. It is linked to State Reference Centres (SRC); they are further linked to Designated STI/RTI Clinics (DSRC), Targeted Intervention projects. They conduct hands-on annual training for laboratory personnel at SRCs as well as linked designated STI/RTI clinics. The regional laboratory will act as a referral laboratory for SRCs, Designated STI/RTI Clinics for STI/ RTI cases.